Indium Metal | Properties | Uses | and Facts - Elements and Compounds


Sunday, June 25, 2023

Indium Metal | Properties | Uses | and Facts

Properties Uses and Facts about Indium

    What is Indium

    Indium is a metal, it is classified as other metal, and chemically it is an element. The density of indium is 7.31 grams per cubic centimeter. Indium has an atomic mass of 114.818 AMU, atomic number 49, and symbol (In). In the Periodic Table, Indium is located in Group 13, Period 5 and Block (P), its atom has 49 electrons, 49 protons, 66 neutrons and 5 energy levels. Indium metal is found in solid state at room temperature, its melting point is 156.6 °C (313.88 °F) and its boiling point is 2072 °C (3762 °F).

    Indium metal was discovered by German chemists Ferdinand Reich and Hieronymus Theodor Richter in 1863.

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    Indium Metal Properties Uses and Facts

    Properties of Indium Metal

    • Indium is a silvery-white lustrous metal.
    • Indium is one of the softest metals.
    • When indium metal is moved on paper, it leaves a black mark like lead.
    • Indium is malleable and ductile metal.
    • This metal is stable in air and water, and has excellent corrosion resistance.
    • Indium does not react with oxygen at room temperature, it reacts with oxygen only at high temperature, and forms indium oxide.
    • Indium metal burns with a violet colored flame at high temperature.
    • Indium metal dissolves in acids and alkalis.
    • When indium metal is bent, it emits a sound called "tin cry" like tin metal, this sound appears to be like screaming, which is called tin cry.
    • Indium metal adheres strongly to glass.
    • Indium metal is a good conductor of electricity and heat.

    Uses of Indium Metal

    • Much of indium metal is used in the production of indium tin oxide, a transparent material that conducts electricity and holds glass tightly, so it is used in touch screens, flatscreen TVs, and solar panels. .
    • Indium nitride and indium phosphide are semiconductors used to make microchips and transistors.
    • Indium metal has very good corrosion resistance, so it is used for coating the bearings of aircraft and racing cars.
    • Indium is used to make alloys that melt at low temperatures.
    • Indium metal is used in making mirrors. Mirrors made of this are of the same high quality as mirrors made of silver, but their shine does not deteriorate quickly. Such mirrors are used in multi-storey buildings.
    • Indium is used in making rectifiers and photoconductors.
    • Indium metal has a low melting point so it is used in making fire sprinkler systems and fire door links.
    • In nuclear reactors, indium is used to measure the flow of neutrons and to monitor neutrons.
    • Some amount of indium metal is alloyed with precious metals such as gold and platinum.

    Interesting Facts about Indium metal

    • Indium 64 is the most abundant element in the earth's crust.
    • Indium metal is obtained as a by-product during the production of zinc metal.
    • Indium metal is called the vitamin of metals, that is, it can cause large changes in the properties of alloys even in small amounts.
    • More indium metal is recycled than produced.
    • Indium metal and its compounds are considered toxic.

    Detailed Information on Some other Metals

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