Vanadium | Properties | Uses | Facts - Elements and Compounds


Monday, March 27, 2023

Vanadium | Properties | Uses | Facts

Properties Uses and Facts about Vanadium

    What is Vanadium

    Vanadium is classified as a transition metal, and chemically it is an element. Vanadium has an atomic mass of 50.9415 AMU, atomic number 23, and symbol (V). In the Periodic Table, Vanadium is located in Group 5, Period 4 and Block (D). Its atom has 23 electrons, 23 protons, 28 neutrons and 4 energy levels. Vanadium has a density of 6 grams per cubic centimeter. Vanadium is found in the solid state at room temperature, with a melting point of 1910 °C (3470 °F) and a boiling point of 3407 °C (6165 °F).

    Vanadium was discovered by the Spanish chemist Andres Manuel Del Rio in 1801.
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    Properties of Vanadium

    • Vanadium is a silver-white colored metal.
    • Vanadium is a hard metal.
    • Vanadium is ductile and malleable metal.
    • Vanadium has very good corrosion resistance.
    • Vanadium is a chemically less reactive metal, it does not react with oxygen and water at room temperature.
    • Vanadium does not react with hydrochloric acid and cold sulfuric acid, while it reacts vigorously with hot sulfuric acid and nitric acid.

    Uses of Vanadium

    • Vanadium is most commonly used as an alloy in steel production.
    • Vanadium is used to increase strength in steel.
    • Alloys made of vanadium are very strong, and tough, so they are used to make axles, crankshafts, piston rods, gears, high-powered bicycle frames, and armor.
    • Vanadium, aluminum and titanium metals are combined to form a very strong alloy, which is used in jet engines and high-speed airframes.
    • Vanadium alloys are corrosion resistant, heat resistant, radiation resistant and very strong, in addition, vanadium alloys do not absorb neutrons easily, so vanadium alloys are used in nuclear reactors.
    • Vanadium oxide is used as a pigment for ceramics and glass.
    • Vanadium oxide is used as a catalyst in the production of superconducting magnets.
    • Vanadium is used to make corrosion resistant pipe for the chemical industry.
    • Vanadium is used in batteries.

    Interesting Facts about Vanadium metal

    • Vanadium is the 20th most abundant element in the earth's crust.
    • More than 85% of the total produced vanadium metal is used in steel making.
    • We require 0.01 mg of vanadium per day.
    • Vanadium is named after Vandis, the Scandinavian goddess of love.
    • Vanadium is obtained as a by-product during the production of iron.
    • Many compounds of vanadium are toxic.

    Detailed Information on Some other Metals

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