Strontium Metal | Properties | Uses | Facts - Elements and Compounds


Saturday, March 18, 2023

Strontium Metal | Properties | Uses | Facts

Properties Uses and Facts about Strontium

    What is Strontium

    Strontium is classified as an alkaline earth metal, and chemically strontium is an element. Strontium has the symbol (Sr), atomic number 38, and atomic mass 87.62 amu. Its atom has 38 electrons, 38 protons, 50 neutrons and 5 energy levels. In the Periodic Table, Strontium is located in Group 2, Period 5 and Block (S). Strontium has a density of 2.64 grams per cubic centimeter. Strontium is found in the solid state at room temperature, with a melting point of 777 °C (1431 °F) and a boiling point of 1384 °C (2523.2 °F).

    Strontium was discovered by Irish chemist Adair Crawford in 1790.
    What-is-Strontium, Properties-of-Strontium, uses-of-Strontium, details-on-Strontium, facts-about-Strontium, Strontium-characteristics, Strontium-metal,

    Properties of Strontium

    • Strontium is a silver-white lustrous metal.
    • When exposed to air, strontium forms a layer of yellow color oxide.
    • Strontium is a soft metal.
    • Strontium is a malleable and ductile metal.
    • Strontium is a good conductor of electricity.
    • Strontium produces hydrogen gas and strontium hydroxide when it comes in contact with water.
    • Strontium reacts with all halogens.
    • Strontium metal readily dissolves in hydrochloric acid and produces hydrogen gas.
    • Strontium is a chemically active element, so it is not found in pure state in nature.
    • Strontium can be easily burnt, when it burns, a bright red light comes out.

    Uses of Strontium

    • Strontium is used to make picture tubes of color television.
    • Strontium is used in the purification of zinc metal.
    • Strontium is used in the production of ferrite magnets.
    • Strontium is used to make paints that glow in the dark, these paints are called glow in the dark paints.
    • Strontium-90 is used to generate electricity in spacecraft and remote weather stations.
    • Strontium is used to make some types of glass.
    • Strontium is used for dating geological samples and for identifying skeletons and clay artifacts.
    • Strontium carbonate and strontium nitrate burn with a bright red light, so they are used in firecrackers and flares.
    • Strontium chloride hexahydrate is an ingredient in toothpaste made for sensitive teeth.

    Interesting Facts about Strontium

    • Strontium is the 15th most abundant element on Earth.
    • Strontium metal powder ignites suddenly even at room temperature.
    • Strontium-90 isotope of strontium is radioactive, it is manufactured as a by-product in nuclear plants.
    • Natural strontium is not harmful to health, but one of its isotopes, strontium-90, is highly radioactive. When exposed to it, it is absorbed by bone tissue, and can destroy bone marrow and cause cancer.

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