Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2 | Properties | Uses | and Facts - Elements and Compounds


Monday, May 29, 2023

Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2 | Properties | Uses | and Facts

Properties Uses and Facts about Hydrogen Peroxide

    What is Hydrogen Peroxide

    Hydrogen peroxide is a compound, its chemical formula is H2O2. Its one molecule contains two atoms of hydrogen and two atoms of oxygen. It is a colorless liquid, similar to water, with an extra atom of oxygen. Hydrogen peroxide is a volatile liquid, which readily decomposes into oxygen and water with the release of heat. Although it is not flammable, it is a potent oxidizing agent that can cause spontaneous combustion when it comes in contact with organic materials.
    What-is-Hydrogen-Peroxide, Properties-of-Hydrogen-Peroxide, uses-of-Hydrogen-Peroxide, details-on-Hydrogen-Peroxide, H2O2, facts-about-Hydrogen-Peroxide, Hydrogen-Peroxide-characteristics, Hydrogen-Peroxide
    Hydrogen Peroxide Properties Uses and Facts

    Properties of Hydrogen Peroxide

    • Hydrogen peroxide is a colourless, transparent liquid with a bitter taste.
    • It has a pungent smell.
    • Its density is 1.45 grams per cubic centimeter.
    • Its melting point is -0.43 degree Celsius.
    • Its boiling point is 150 degree Celsius.
    • In its pure form it is slightly thicker and stickier than water.
    • It is a powerful oxidizing agent.

    Uses of Hydrogen Peroxide

    • Hydrogen peroxide is most commonly used as a bleaching agent in the paper industry. It is estimated that more than 60 percent of the total hydrogen peroxide produced in the world is used in the paper industry.
    • It is also used as a bleaching agent in the textile industry.
    • Hydrogen peroxide use in medicine is used as an antimicrobial agent and an oxidizing agent. It is used in first aid to clean wounds as an antiseptic.
    • In personal care and household products, such as hair dye and bleach, toothpaste, mouthwash, bathroom cleaners and laundry detergent, hydrogen peroxide acts as an oxidizing agent.
    • It is also used in polymerization, as a flour bleaching agent, and as a treatment for acne.
    • Hydrogen peroxide has been used to remove organic impurities in wastewater treatment processes.
    • Hydrogen peroxide is used to disinfect a variety of surfaces, including surgical instruments.
    • Hydrogen peroxide is used as a propellant in the rocket industry.
    • Hydrogen peroxide is also used in the production of some cosmetics.
    • Hydrogen peroxide reacts with some dye-esters to produce chemiluminescence, hence its use in the manufacture of glow-sticks.

    Facts about Hydrogen Peroxide 

    • Currently, the use of hydrogen peroxide to clean wounds is avoided, as it is believed to inhibit healing and cause scarring, as it destroys newly formed skin cells. .
    • Dilute solutions of hydrogen peroxide can cause bleaching or whitening of the skin when it comes into contact with the skin.
    • Hydrogen peroxide decomposes into water and oxygen when exposed to sunlight, a process also catalyzed by traces of alkali metals. Therefore, H2O2 is stored in wax-lined glass or plastic containers and kept in the dark.
    • Hydrogen peroxide should also be kept away from dust particles as dust particles can induce rapid decomposition of this compound.
    • Hydrogen peroxide is a powerful disinfectant - it oxidizes the cell membrane of a microorganism, resulting in the destruction of the cell membrane of the microorganism and the microorganism itself.
    • Exposure to hydrogen peroxide can cause irritation to the skin, eyes, throat, and airways, and ingestion can cause serious gastrointestinal effects.
    • Medical grade hydrogen peroxide should be used for home use, the strength of medical grade hydrogen peroxide is 3% i.e. it contains 3% hydrogen peroxide and 97% water, it is strong and effective enough for home use and medical use .
    • Hydrogen peroxide of 9% concentration is used for bleaching clothes and hair, whereas hydrogen peroxide of higher concentration is used in industries.

    No comments:

    Post a Comment