Neon Gas | Properties | Uses | Facts - Elements and Compounds


Thursday, March 9, 2023

Neon Gas | Properties | Uses | Facts

Properties Uses and Facts about Neon Gas

    What is Neon

    Neon is classified as a nonmetal, it is a noble gas. Chemically, neon is an element. The symbol for neon is Ne, and its atomic number is 10 and its atomic mass is 20.1797 amu. Neon has a density of 0.9 grams per 1000 cubic centimeters. Neon is found in the gaseous state at room temperature. Neon has a melting point of −248.59 °C (−415.46 °F) and a boiling point of −246.08 °C (−410.94 °F). Neon's atom has 10 electrons, 10 protons, 10 neutrons and 2 energy levels. In the Periodic Table, Neon is located in Group 18, Period 2 and Block (P).

    Neon was discovered in 1895 by Scottish chemist Sir William Ramsay.
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    Properties of Neon gas

    • Neon is a colourless, odorless and tasteless gas.
    • Neon is a chemically inert gas.
    • Neon is the second lightest noble gas after helium.
    • Neon is found in the liquid state only in the middle of the temperature range of −246.08 °C to −248.59 °C, which is the shortest of all elements.
    • Neon glows with orange light in a vacuum discharge tube.

    Uses of Neon gas

    • Neon is used to make neon lamps that emit red light, most of which are used to make advertising boards.
    • Neon is used to make high voltage indicators.
    • Liquid neon is used as a cryogenic refrigerant.
    • Neon is used to make television tubes and plasma screens.
    • Neon is used with helium to make gas lasers.
    • Neon is used in wave meter tubes.

    Interesting facts about Neon

    • Neon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe, but it is found in very small amounts on Earth.
    • Neon is found in substantial quantities in stars, neon is formed by the fusion of helium and oxygen atoms during star formation.
    • The cooling capacity of liquid neon is 40 times that of liquid helium, and 3 times that of liquid hydrogen.
    • Neon when leaked into the air acts as an asphyxiant, meaning that when leaked into the air, neon displaces oxygen gas, causing the oxygen level in the air to drop. That's why care should be taken while working with neon, it is a colorless and odorless gas, it is not detected when it leaks and due to continuous breathing in it, a person becomes unconscious due to lack of oxygen and can die in severe cases. 
    • Neon is an inert gas, but in the controlled atmosphere of the laboratory, neon can form a compound with fluorine.

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